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Xoloitzcuintli Dog Breed… Everything You Need to Know at a Glance!

If you don’t think you can say Xoloitzcuintli (and we definitely don’t blame you), all you have to say is Mexican Hairless Dog. Now that we got that out of the way, there’s a lot more to learn about this amazing 3,000-year-old dog from Ancient Aztec world.


Will this dog be the right one of your family?  That’s the question only you’ll be able to answer for yourself, but hopefully after reading this article you’ll have a better idea so that if you’re ever given the opportunity to make one of these unique animals your own, you’ll know if it’s a good idea or not.

So, without further ado, let’s dive right in!

Xoloitzquintli Breed Fast Facts

Country of Origin: Mexico (Aztec)

Original Purpose: Guard Dog / Spiritual Entity

Height: 10 to 15 inches at Shoulder for miniature, 15 to 20 inches for Standard
Weight: 8 to 14 pounds for miniatures, 12 to 24 pounds for standard

Dog Breed Classification:  Non-Sporting group
Lifespan: 10 to 14 years

History and Origin of the Mexican Hairless Dog

This dog is quite possibly the first dog in the Americas (you know, North America and South America). In fact, there’s some evidence that this dog was around more than 3,000 years ago, so if that’s true he has a long, long, history.


A pretty interesting history too boot!  You see, it’s believed that early on in this dog’s history, part of his role was to ward off evil spirits in Aztec Indian culture thousands of years ago.


Even though so might think they look a “bit” scary by today’s standards, back then in their early development, these dog’s were actually considered quite handsome.  So handsome in fact they were actually given a name that coincides with one of the early Aztec God’s by the name of Xolotl which is the canine brother of the more famous bird god, Quetzalcoatl.

In modern history…

This dog gained popularity around the 1930s. The reason for this dog suddenly gaining attention is because of Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera who both often painted the dog.

Despite this…

Early popularity during the early part of the 20th century, the Xoloitzquintli dog breed has had a difficult time becoming a household name.  In fact, even their “official” recognition by the American Kennel Club has come and gone.


The United Kennel Club decided to “officially” recognize the breed in 1983 which probably led the American Kennel Club to “reconsider” their decision to dismiss this breed and once again decide that the Xoloitzquintli needs to be “recognized” again as it did in 2011.

In either case…

We here at IndulgeYourPet find them to be extremely unique and certainly worthy of their classification and have yet to meet someone who has actually met a Xolo who doesn’t feel the same way about them.  Which is probably why you’ll find that it’s not cheap to get your hands on a Xoloitzcuintli puppy with the aver age cost of a Xolo puppy running somewhere between $600 to $1000 dollars!

Characteristics of a Xoloitzcuintli

Also known as the Xolo for short, the dog has what can only be described as a Mohawk of hair on its otherwise hairless body. The Mexican Hairless dog comes in a variety of colors including: Black, white, brown, or gray.

These guys also have…

Somewhat big ears that give it features almost like a cat-rabbit mix. His hairless tail is long and curves. Like many hairless animals, his face has wrinkles that become more pronounced with age. He also has a smattering of whiskers around his face. Another noticeable feature are the dog’s almond-shaped eyes.


Despite being hairless, you can practice similar grooming techniques as you would with a coated dog. By that we mean, brush with a soft bristled brush, bathe and maybe even apply some oils to the skin as recommended by a vet.

Love the “hairless” look?

Another dog that you might want to look into is the Chinese Crested Mexican Hairless mix for another variety.

Personality of the Mexican Hairless Dog

If you could describe the Xolo in three words it would probably be: Smart, loveable and stubborn. So, two out of three good traits isn’t bad, is it?


Stubborn also isn’t necessarily a negative trait. Sometimes stubbornness is what makes pets loyal – and these dogs are also loyal (that’s the fourth descriptor!).

Though for some reason…

It might not be expected for a hairless dog to be a cuddler, but the truth is, this guy really is one. He’ll love to sit with you while you watch Netflix or just chill out.

And while…

When it comes to strangers, this one is a bit more cautious than other dogs, but that’s just a trait of being a guard dog – never fully trust anyone until you know more about them. That’s sort of the outlook that the Xolo has when it comes to people. He does, however, do quite well with other animals, even upon first meet.

We should also note that…

You will need to let this dog get adequate physical activity and mental stimulation. If you don’t, he’ll be wound up!

Health Issues with the Xoloitzquintli

This is a really healthy dog – it has to be to have stayed around for thousands of years. But, that said, you still want to go to a trusted Xoloitzquintli breeder when looking for puppies or older dogs. If you don’t, then you won’t know the breeding techniques used and if he/she has done everything possible to help eliminate any genetic diseases from their lineage.

One of the most common…

Health problems is a skin problem, since it’s totally exposed, however, this is usually easily taken care of with creams as prescribed by your veterinarian.

Just like all dogs, your Xolo can get any number of non-genetic sicknesses or diseases. Some could show up when the dog is a puppy, while others could take years to happen. Either way, you should be prepared.

This is why…

We here at IndulgeYourPet also recommend that any new pet owner take a moment and see what it might cost for you to purchase a pet insurance policy for your new animal.

Now will a pet insurance policy be right for everyone?

No, probably not.  But until you fully understand what these policies “will” and “won’t” cover and how much these pet insurance policies cost, how will you know if one might be right for you?

For more information on who we feel currently offers the “best” pet insurance policies out there, we would encourage you to check out our Best Pet Insurance Policies article.

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