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Pomeranian Dog Breed… Everything You Need to Know at a Glance!

Aww….so tiny and so cute!

That’s the Pom, or the Pomeranian, one of the cutest dog breeds in the world. Poms may be tiny, but they are incredibly smart, curious and sometimes even a tad bit “manipulative”.

Yes, these cute little guys can be manipulative…

The little one knows just how cute he is and he also knows that he can get away with anything because of that! He is smart, and can adapt to any situation. He is also a very charming, happy and active breed of dog, who wants to be involved in everything you do.

He is a Nordic Breed…

The Pom is the tiniest of the small size Nordic breeds, called as Spitz. But he is brave and thinks he is much bigger than he really is. And he makes a lot of noise! All he weighs is 7 pounds, but his bark is louder than that of a Great Dane.

He loves being the center of attention

Everything the Pom does screams “look at me!” He is one of those dogs that demand that you pay them attention. He does these cute little things and is so adorable. He wants to be loved and doted upon, which makes him a perfect companion dog for seniors and great playmate for children aged 5 and above.

Is the Pomeranian the perfect breed of dog for you?

Yes, absolutely. Just a couple of things you should know before making the decision to buy a Pom puppy for your child from reputable local breeders.

  • #1: It takes time and a lot of effort to housetrain Pom puppies.
  • #2: Pom puppies are not suitable for a family with small children.

If you have a baby or a toddler, it’s better to wait until he or she is at least 5 or 6 years old before bring Pom Puppies home. Poms are known to lash out or nip at small children who invade their personal space.

But before…

You rush out and adopt one right away, we suggest that you keep on reading so that you can be sure if this little guy is going to be the “right” dog for you.  After all, the last thing that you want to do is make the mistake of adopting the wrong “type” of dog for your family particularly if they just happen to be a dog like the Pomeranian who can easily live for 15 or more years!

So, without further ado, let’s dive right into our discussion about these little guys so that hopefully when we’re done, you’ll know whether or not a “POM” is right for you!

Pomeranian Dog Breed Fast Facts

Country of Origin: Germany

Origin Purpose:  Companion animal

Height: 8 to 12 inches

Weight: 3 to 7 pounds

Dog Breed Classification:  Toy group

Life Span: 15 years or more

Pomeranians History and Origin

Where does the Pomeranian come from? The Pomeranian hails from Pomerania, a small province in Northern Europe, on the Baltic Sea Coast. That’s how this breed gets its name.

Now…

We should point out that while the Pomeranian is its own unique breed, it originated as one of the original Spitz breeds and that “originally”, the Pomeranians of the past used to weigh 30 pounds, much bigger in size than the Standard Pomeranian of today.

Back then…

The Pomeranian ancestors used to take on all kinds of odd jobs such as small game hunting and even dog sledding!  So, while it is true that these guys may look really cute and are rather small, underneath all that fur, packed in a tiny little frame lies the heart of a lion that is more than willing to put up a fight for his owner and his territory.

A characteristic that…

Has caught the attention and admiration of many distinguished owners including Queen Victoria who own two Poms called Marco and Turi and nearly single handedly made the Pomeranian a huge hit in Britain during the late 19th century.

Other famous…

And infamous, owners of the Pomeranian include the likes of Marie Antoinette, Emile Zola and Amadeus Mozart.

Pomeranians were…

Added to the Miscellaneous Class of the American Kennel Club in 1888. The AKC gave this toy breed a full recognition in 1900.  But, it was only in 1911 that the Poms became popular in the United States, because of their amazing performance at a dog show at the Waldorf Astoria Hotel.

The Poms are even today among the most popular breeds in the U.S.

Pomeranian Physical Characteristics

Poms are tiny, fluffy dogs with small ears and a wedge-shaped skull. They have a distinct fox-like appearance. They have dark, almond-shaped eyes, sharp and white teeth, dark nose, small and erect ears.

Obviously…

These little guys are small in size, never more than 7 pounds in weight, and never more than 12 inches at shoulder height. Pom puppies are born without a tail, but grow one as they get older.

And it’s important…

To note that Poms have a thick double coat that consists of a soft undercoat and a long, straight and somewhat course outer coat. The coat is usually of the color chocolate, blue and tan, blue, black, black and tan, red, orange, orange sable red sable, white or brindle.

 Pomeranian Temperament and Personality

He is a very active dog…

Have you seen Pom puppies? They never remain still; they are always running about the house, always in a hurry to get somewhere. Poms are always trotting around the place, as if searching for something important.

These are highly…

Active small size dogs that have the same personality as the sled dogs and herding dogs that they were bred from, hundreds of years ago.  The Pom is happy enough to run around the house, but he loves nothing more than going on long walks outside the house. He does very well in dog sports such as agility, obedience, freestyle, rally, and tracking.

We should also note that…

Poms are highly adaptable.  In fact, the thing about Poms is that they can live happily absolutely anywhere. These are naturally happy, non-fussy dogs that can live happily in a small apartment in a city, or in a farmhouse in the countryside.

That said however…

They hate being left outside by their own in the lawn. They want to stay in the house with their human family. They want to be a part of everything you do.

But beware…

They are smart, curious dogs, always interested in whatever is going on in the world around them. They are alert and always on the lookout for strangers. You can be sure that they are going to alert you with their shrill bark when someone approaches the house.

Any Health Problems?

The Pomeranian is a healthy dog with a life expectancy of 15 years or more. Small sized dogs are generally healthier than big sized dogs and the Poms are among the healthiest breeds out there.

But even the Pom can suffer from certain health conditions such as…

  • Collapsing Trachea
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Cryptorchidism
  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Entropion
  • Cataracts
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Elbow Luxation
  • Shoulder Luxation
  • Patellar Luxation

They are also susceptible to dental problems, especially as they get older. It is important that you should brush their teeth regularly and get them checked by a veterinarian every 3 to 6 months.

And while…

Many of these conditions may not be life threatening, they can certainly become quite expensive to deal with particularly if they become recurring issues.

This is why…

We here at IndulgeYourPet also recommend that any new pet owner take a moment and see what it might cost for you to purchase a pet insurance policy for your new animal.

Now will a pet insurance policy be right for everyone?

No, probably not.  But until you fully understand what these policies “will” and “won’t” cover and how much these pet insurance policies cost, how will you know if one might be right for you?

For more information on who we feel currently offers the “best” pet insurance policies out there, we would encourage you to check out our Best Pet Insurance Policies article.

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